Flag of Scotland
Facts, history and meaning about the flag of Scotland
Scotland is located in Europe.
The official ISO 3166 code for Scotland is:
The flag of Scotland, known as the Saltire or Saint Andrew's Cross, is a distinctive and widely recognized emblem that represents the nation's history, heritage, and identity. The flag consists of a white diagonal cross (or saltire) on a blue field.
The design of the Saltire dates back to the 9th century and is associated with Saint Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland. According to legend, in the 9th century, a white saltire appeared in the sky during a battle, inspiring the Picts and Scots to victory. This event became intertwined with Scotland's national identity, and Saint Andrew's Cross became a prominent symbol.
The flag features a white diagonal cross that stretches from corner to corner on a blue background. The precise shade of blue used in the flag is known as "Pantone 300." The ratio of the width to the length of the flag is 1:2.
The Saltire is one of the oldest national flags in the world, with records of its use dating back to the 12th century. It gained official recognition as the flag of Scotland in 1385 during the reign of King Robert II.
The flag's design and colors hold great significance. The white saltire represents Saint Andrew, who was said to have been martyred on a diagonal cross. The blue background symbolizes the sky and the waters surrounding Scotland, emphasizing the nation's maritime history and its connection to the natural environment.
Today, the Saltire is proudly flown throughout Scotland on national holidays, during sporting events, and as a symbol of Scottish pride. It is also incorporated into the Union Flag, representing Scotland's role as part of the United Kingdom. The flag of Scotland stands as a powerful and enduring symbol of the country's rich history, cultural heritage, and sense of national identity.
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